Isfahan Iran History
TEHRAN - Archaeologists have excavated two workshops dating back at least 2,000 years in the ancient city of Isfahan, Iran's second-largest city after Tehran, a major discovery that could date back thousands of years to the history of the then-central Iranian city. The decaying labyrinth of ancient buildings, the remains of which reveal the presence of a large number of human remains, as well as traces of stone tools and other artifacts.
It was the capital of Persia and is considered one of the most important cities in the history of Iran and the second largest city after Tehran. During the Qajar dynasty Tehran was a capital of Iran, but Karim Khan of Zand moved it to Shiraz after the death of his son Shah Kalandar II.
The Iranian Empire perished under the rule of Shah Abbas I and his successors, but they restored it to its old borders, which were more or less the frontier of modern Iran.
Today Esfahan borders Iran's western border with Iraq, Iraq's eastern border, and the borders of Turkey, Syria, and Iraq.
Many other cultural sites in the country, including the Imam Khomeini shrine in the city of Isfahan and the tomb of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, worship Shiite shrines. The dome has become a trademark of Persian-Islamic architecture, and there are other magnificent buildings in Is fahan. At the entrance of the Islamic Museum of Iran, the largest in Iran, there is a large dome. This structure in the format of four - iwan was inspired by the palaces of early Persian history, which developed into the modern - today's city-state of Tehran and its capital, the University of Tehran.
Iran succeeded in freeing itself from Arab conquests and establishing the Persian Empire as an Iranian dynasty. For the reasons outlined above, however, it was not possible for the conquerors to make the capital of Iran, then part of the caliphate. The Vakil Mosque was built by the Qajar and later restored, but the Afghans invaded Iran again and made a mess of it. It was repaired and restored, and the entire monument was restored in the early 20th century under the leadership of Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
Isfahan was elected the capital of Iran, and many important activities began to build palaces, bridges and historic mosques to decorate them. Abbas mobilized certain elements of the architectural past to create a sense of pride in the city and its historical significance. Sassanian princes studying statecraft at Iran's largest and most prestigious university: Tehran University.
The use of polychromatic tiles and surface ornamentation is known from other periods of Iranian history, but it was the Safavids who established colorism as the most prominent feature of Iranian architecture. In Isfahan, this decorative style reached its reach through colorful tiles, and this has been known since the other period of Iranian history. Its use in polychromatic tiles and surface ornaments is well known from Iranian history and other places in the Middle East. But in the past, the decorative styles have reached their reach by building palaces.
The beauty of the art and architecture of Herat gave Shah Abbas the opportunity to name his new capital Isfahan. As the capital of the Seljuks, it is associated with Abbas as an illustrious dynasty from the past, and this favorable historical association sets it apart from other Iranian cities.
After the fall of the Seljuks around 1200 Isfahan was obscured and temporarily decayed, but regained its important position during the Safavid period (1501 - 1736). After the fall of the Seljuk rulers in the late 14th and early 15th centuries, Esfahans, she briefly returned and dwarfed the city of Herat, the capital of Shah Abbas's brother-in-law Shah Kayar and then Abbas's son Abbas II. During the safavid periods, from 1500 - 1401 and again from 1440 - 1536, the Efahaans regained their prominent position. After the fall of the Seljuks in 1200, the population temporarily returned to its old status as capital.
Isfahan grew under the Persian Buyid and Buwayhid dynasties, which came to power and ruled large parts of Iran as the secular authority of the Abbasid caliphs diminished in the 10th century. Esfahans, Isfahaans grew up during the Safavid period, 1500-1401, and again from 1440-1536, when it dwarfed Herat, the capital of Shah Abbas "brother-in-law Shah Kayar and then Abbas" son Abbas II.
Shah Abbas chose Isfahan as the capital of his empire between 1006 and 1598, which was now roughly within the borders of Iran. In the early years of the Safavid dynasty (1401 - 1501) IsFahan was re-elected as its capital under Shah Abbas II.
The city was the glorious capital of the Seljuks and Safavids and was known for its beauty, which led to the Iranian proverb: "Isfahan is the world." The name Isfahan has always been associated with the Zayanderud River and is considered the hidden jewel of Iran. Knowing its history and seeing its impressive architecture, it is understandable to call it "half the world," which means that it is located in half the world. It is in the memory of all Iranians for its unspoilt and beautiful nature, which has a rich history of cultural, religious and religious significance, as well as its historical significance.